In the seventeenth century, Lille was part of the Spanish Netherlands; in 1667 during the War of Devolution it was lost to French forces led by Marshal Turenne. The city surrendered in September 1667 following a siege conducted by Vauban. Under the Treaty of Aix-La-Chapelle of 2nd May 1668, Lille became part of France.
Louis XIV ordered Vauban to fortify the city.
|Vauban's Lille, the Citadel (bottom left) and bastioned city walls|
|The Citadel is HQ of 43rd Infantry Regiment|
The Tourism Office gave me a street map. The guide said that all of the walls had been demolished but two gates remained, the Porte de Gand and the Porte de Roubaix. On reading the map I could see there was more.
First - the Porte de Paris. In 1685, Louis ordered a local architect Simon Vollant to design and construct a new gate into the city, in the form of a triumphal arch.
|A very grand and imposing entrance to the city, over the drawbridge and through the gate|
I am not sure how this would relate to the Vauban's wall. It is freestanding, like an island, I could not see any stonework that suggested it was part of or connected to the defences.
Next, not far from the gate is the Noble Tour, the only remaining tower of the 65 towers that were part of the medieval city walls.
|The tower is now a Memorial to the Resistance and to those deported.|
Vauban designed, this was originally called Fort Saint-sauveur and can be seen on the map as the free standing small fort between two bastions on the right near the Porte Des Malades.
|Back in the city centre, this beautiful building is another by Simon Vollant|